The Canada Program, made possible by the William Lyon Mackenzie King endowment, presents rich intellectual opportunities for Canadian studies at Harvard: graduate and undergraduate courses offered by distinguished visiting Canadian scholars across the social sciences and professional schools, dissertation research grants for Harvard graduate students, thesis research and travel funding for Harvard undergraduates, a vibrant seminar series of esteemed Canadian guest speakers, and an annual faculty-led conference.
The endowment was established in 1967 following a campaign spearheaded by David Rockefeller, who wished to honor William Lyon Mackenzie King (1874–1950), a great friend of his father, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. A Harvard graduate, Mackenzie King was deputy minister of labour in Canada when, in 1914, he was recruited as an industrial consultant tasked with brokering an agreement between management and labor workers at the Rockefeller-controlled Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. According to Harvard's Directory of Named Chairs, a dispute between management and labor had resulted in “a long, bitter and bloody strike against the company.” And, “[w]hile Rockefeller hoped King would help extricate his company from a labor dilemma which he believed had been badly handled, he had a larger purpose in urging the Rockefeller Foundation to use the Colorado situation as a means of recommending a plan of broad application to industrial relations generally.” King managed the situation, helped amend public perception of Rockefeller, and produced a book for the Foundation, Industry and Humanity (1918). After a time as industrial adviser to a number of American utility and extraction firms, King returned to Canadian politics, took leadership of the Liberal Party, and went on to serve Canada as prime minister for a collective twenty-two years.
In 1967, the president of the University of Toronto, Professor Claude T. Bissell, was named the first William Lyon Mackenzie King Visiting Professor of Canadian Studies. Bissell’s research assistant at the time was Michael Bliss, now a distinguished Canadian historian, author, and former University of Toronto professor. Their time at Harvard was, Bliss recently noted, “one of the happiest years of our lives.”
Professor Marcel Fournier, a sociologist at the University of Montreal, is the 2014-2015 William Lyon Mackenzie King Visiting Professor of Canadian Studies. Professor Fournier is appointed through Harvard's Department of Sociology and will teach two half courses: Cultural Sociology: Space, Culture, and Society (spring 2015), and Cultural Sociology and Sociology of Culture (spring 2015).
Professor Nicholas Bradley is the 2014-2015 William Lyon Mackenzie King Research Fellow, appointed by Harvard's Department of English. Professor Bradley is an assistant professor of English at the University of Victoria and will teach two half courses while here: Indigenous Literatures of North America - Oral and Written Traditions (fall 2014), and Poets of the Pacific West (spring 2015).
Since 2008, the Canada Program has granted more than $500,000 in dissertation research funding for twenty graduate students—some of whom are engaged in research concerning government, law, sociology, history, music, education, public health, and urban design—and eight undergraduate students, all of whom are known as Canada Research Fellows.
Five student Canada Research Fellows will join the Program in 2014–2015, with fellows representing many schools and disciplines from the University. Research interests include: the sociology of culture and organizations, contemporary art and tactical reclamations of space, and global history of capitalism, labor, and human migrations.
In 2013–2014, George Elliott Clarke, poet laureate of the City of Toronto and a professor of English at the University of Toronto, was the William Lyon Mackenzie King Visiting Professor of Canadian Studies. Professor Clarke was appointed through Harvard’s Department of English and taught a fall undergraduate course, Black Like Who? and a spring graduate course, Black Epics of the Americas, while organizing the year’s seminar series and a faculty conference.
Jacob Remes, assistant professor and mentor of public affairs and history at the Metropolitan Center at State university of New York’s Empire State College was the WLMK Research Fellow for 2013–2014. Professor Remes was appointed through the Department of History at Harvard and taught two courses: a fall 2013 proseminar, Readings on 19th and 20th Century Canada, and the spring 2014 conference course, Migration and Relations between Canada and the United States.
The Canada Seminar, chaired by the William Lyon Mackenzie King Visiting Professor, offers presentations by public figures, scholars, artists, and experts in various fields, and provides a forum for the lively exchange of ideas on a wide range of issues. Guest speakers of the seminar have included former Prime Ministers Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chrétien, Hall of Fame hockey player and former Toronto Maple Leaf President Ken Dryden, Supreme Court Justice Rosalie Silberman Abella, political philosopher Charles Taylor, and film director and producer Norman Jewison.
Helen Clayton is the program administrator. The Program offices are located at 1727 Cambridge Street.