Germany. Ulrich Schlie is a career diplomat and served until April 2014 as the Director General Security and Defence policy in the German Ministry of Defence. His previous posts include the positions of Director General Policy Planning in the German MOD and senior advisor to Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble MP, chairman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the German Bundestag. Ulrich Schlie holds a Ph.D. in modern history from Bonn University. He has published widely in European history and international security. His most recent book is on the relationship between Habsburg and Prussia in modern history. He has teaching experience at several universities and holds visiting professorships, among others, at Sciences Po (chair Alfred Grosser) Paris. While at Harvard, he is pursuing research on international security policy and the future course of the world state system.