Pakistan. Balal, a diplomat, has served most recently as the consul general to Hong Kong and Macao, and as head of mission for Taiwan affairs. Previously, he served as special secretary (health) and additional secretary (education and industries) in Punjab. He was also the deputy director in the Ministry of Human Rights. Among other postings, he served as political agent of the government of Pakistan to the tribal areas connected to Afghanistan and Iran. He was the chief liaison officer of Pak-Iran transit trade in Baluchistan, negotiating solutions in matters of drug trafficking and smuggling of arms across the borders. Educated at King Edward Medical College, he started his career as a medical doctor for Afghan refugees in the camps of UNHCR. He holds a master’s degree and a post-graduate diploma in economics.